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Ethernet is a technology for connecting computers and other devices to the internet in a local area network (LAN). It uses physical cables, such as copper or fiber optic cables, to transmit data at high speeds. Ethernet was developed in the 1970s and has evolved over time, with transmission speeds increasing from 10 Mbps (Megabits per second) in the original versions to 1 Gbps (Gigabits per second) and beyond in modern versions such as Gigabit Ethernet and 10 Gigabit Ethernet. Ethernet is widely used in homes, offices, and data centers for its reliability, speed, and ability to handle large volumes of data traffic.

In everyday life, Ethernet is used to connect computers, printers, routers, switches, and other network devices within a home or office. For example, a user can connect their computer to a router via an Ethernet cable to ensure a stable and fast internet connection, essential for activities such as remote work, video conferencing, online gaming, and TV streaming. Ethernet is also used in data centers to connect servers and networking equipment, ensuring fast and reliable communication between devices.

In Switzerland, Ethernet is widely adopted in both private homes and businesses. Network infrastructures in schools, government offices, and companies use Ethernet to create efficient and secure local networks. Swiss businesses, in particular, make extensive use of Ethernet in their daily operations, leveraging its high speed and reliability to manage sensitive data and ensure operational continuity. Internet service providers (ISPs) in Switzerland often offer routers with Ethernet ports to allow users to set up wired networks at home, improving connection quality compared to solely wireless networks or mobile hotspots.

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