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EDGE

EDGE, short for Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution, is a data transmission technology used in mobile networks, developed as an evolution of GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications). Introduced in the early 2000s, EDGE represents a third-generation (3G) standard that offers higher data transmission speeds than GPRS (General Packet Radio Service), reaching a maximum download speed of 384 kbps. This technology enables a better internet browsing, downloading, and streaming experience on mobile devices.


In everyday life, EDGE has represented a significant improvement in mobile coverage capabilities, especially during times when 3G and 4G networks were not yet widely available. For example, in rural areas or places with limited network coverage, EDGE provides a faster mobile internet connection compared to GPRS, allowing users to access emails, browse the internet, and use messaging applications. Although it is now surpassed by more advanced technologies like 4G and 5G, EDGE remains a useful fallback option in areas with weak network coverage.



In Switzerland, EDGE was a key technology during the transition from 2G to 3G and 4G networks. Swiss mobile network operators implemented EDGE in the early years of the new millennium to improve the mobile user experience, especially in mountainous and rural regions where advanced network coverage was limited. Now that Switzerland has heavily invested in 5G infrastructures, ensuring extensive coverage and high connection speeds, EDGE has been phased out to reduce the environmental impact of mobile network antennas.



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